Facts & Stats – A brief guide to the Republic of Ghana
  • September 14, 2015
  • Guide

Facts & Stats – A brief guide to the Republic of Ghana

Demographics

Population: 27 million

Official language: English

Ethnic groups:

  • 47.5% Akan (11.5 m.)
  • 16.6% Dagbani / Mole (4 m.)
  • 13.9% Ewe (2.9 m.)
  • 7.4% Ga-Adangbe (1.8 m.)
  • 5.7% Gurma (0.7 m.)
  • 3.7% Guan / Gonja (0.3 m.)
  • 2.5% Gurunsi (0.1 m.)
  • 1.1% Bissa / Mande (0.1 m.)
  • 1.6% Other (0.1 m.)

Life expectancy: Females 67 years, Males 66 years

Infant mortality: 39 per 1,000 live births

Literacy rate: Approx. 72%

 

Geography

Capital: Accra, population 2.3 million (2012)

Area: 238,535 km2 (82nd)

Coastline: 560 km

Calling code: +233

Largest lake: Lake Volta 8,502 km2 (one of the world’s largest man-made lakes)

Highest mountain: Mount Afadjato (885 m)

Neighbouring countries: Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo

 

Government

Indepent from the U.K. since: 6 March 1957

Government: Constitutional Republic

President: John Dramani Mahama (since 2012)

 

Economy and technology

Currency: Ghana cedi (GHS)

GDP: $108.259 billion (total), $4,129 (per capita)

Internet users: 5.2 million (19%)

 

Climate

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Record high °C313232323229272729303131
Average high °C27.527.528282726252426262727
Average low °C232324242323222122222323
Record low °C151720192120191820192117
Average rainfall mm16377382145193491640803818
Average rainy days22571114768942

 

Public holidays:

New Year’s DayJan 1
Independence DayMar 6
Good FridayFriday before Easter Sunday
Easter Monday    Day after Easter Sunday
May Day May 1
African Unity Day   May 25
Republic DayJul 1
Founder’s Day Sep 21
Farmers’ Day First Friday of December
Christmas Day  Dec 25
Boxing Day   Dec 26
Id-El-FitrA day after the end of Ramadan (date not fixed)
Id-El-Adha3 months after Ramadan (date not fixed)

 

Emergency phone numbers

Police: 191           

Fire Service: 192/199

Ambulance: 193

 

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