Facts & Stats – A brief guide to the Republic of Ghana
  • September 14, 2015
  • Guide

Facts & Stats – A brief guide to the Republic of Ghana

Demographics

Population: 27 million

Official language: English

Ethnic groups:

  • 47.5% Akan (11.5 m.)
  • 16.6% Dagbani / Mole (4 m.)
  • 13.9% Ewe (2.9 m.)
  • 7.4% Ga-Adangbe (1.8 m.)
  • 5.7% Gurma (0.7 m.)
  • 3.7% Guan / Gonja (0.3 m.)
  • 2.5% Gurunsi (0.1 m.)
  • 1.1% Bissa / Mande (0.1 m.)
  • 1.6% Other (0.1 m.)

Life expectancy: Females 67 years, Males 66 years

Infant mortality: 39 per 1,000 live births

Literacy rate: Approx. 72%

 

Geography

Capital: Accra, population 2.3 million (2012)

Area: 238,535 km2 (82nd)

Coastline: 560 km

Calling code: +233

Largest lake: Lake Volta 8,502 km2 (one of the world’s largest man-made lakes)

Highest mountain: Mount Afadjato (885 m)

Neighbouring countries: Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo

 

Government

Indepent from the U.K. since: 6 March 1957

Government: Constitutional Republic

President: John Dramani Mahama (since 2012)

 

Economy and technology

Currency: Ghana cedi (GHS)

GDP: $108.259 billion (total), $4,129 (per capita)

Internet users: 5.2 million (19%)

 

Climate

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record high °C 31 32 32 32 32 29 27 27 29 30 31 31
Average high °C 27.5 27.5 28 28 27 26 25 24 26 26 27 27
Average low °C 23 23 24 24 23 23 22 21 22 22 23 23
Record low °C 15 17 20 19 21 20 19 18 20 19 21 17
Average rainfall mm 16 37 73 82 145 193 49 16 40 80 38 18
Average rainy days 2 2 5 7 11 14 7 6 8 9 4 2

 

Public holidays:

New Year’s Day Jan 1
Independence Day Mar 6
Good Friday Friday before Easter Sunday
Easter Monday     Day after Easter Sunday
May Day  May 1
African Unity Day    May 25
Republic Day Jul 1
Founder’s Day  Sep 21
Farmers’ Day  First Friday of December
Christmas Day   Dec 25
Boxing Day    Dec 26
Id-El-Fitr A day after the end of Ramadan (date not fixed)
Id-El-Adha 3 months after Ramadan (date not fixed)

 

Emergency phone numbers

Police: 191           

Fire Service: 192/199

Ambulance: 193

 

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